Brain Development in Child – Many parents complain that their child is not much interested in studies, only interested in playing. Parents do not know what to do to develop their child’s brain. By simply going to school, the child’s brain does not develop. Anyway, the saying goes that a child’s first school is his home. Therefore, both the home environment and the parents have an important role in the child’s brain development.
All parents want their child to be at the top of the class, be the best in every brain’s work, and be called very intelligent going forward. Just as the physical development of the child is important, similarly the Brain Development in Children is also important.
90% of a child’s brain develops at the age of 1–5. For 5 years, children’s brains and nervous systems grow very fast, so parents need to be very cautious at this stage and this is a good opportunity to develop their brains.
Stages of Brain Development in child
There are four main areas of development: physical, language and communication, social and emotional, and cognitive. Brain development is part of cognitive development. Cognitive development describes how a child’s intelligence increases, and includes thinking, learning, and problem-solving skills. These affect all other areas of skill development.
Understanding the stages of Brain Development in the child can help to ensure that parents and teachers provide an effective environment for successful emotional, educational, and cognitive development.
There are four cognitive stages of childhood development identified by Jean Piaget:
Sensorimotor stage: (born-2years) during this stage, children learn about the world through their senses and by moving things around and manipulating objects.
Preoperational Stage: (2years-7years) during this stage, memory, and imagination develop in children. They are able to understand things symbolically and to think past and future thoughts.
Concrete Operational Stage: (7years-11years) during this phase, children become more aware of external events, as well as feelings of other than their own. They become less egoistic and begin to understand that not everyone shares their thoughts, beliefs, or feelings.
Formal Operation Stage: (ages 11 and over) during this phase, children are able to use their logic to solve problems, look at the world around them, and plan for the future.
Activities for Brain Development in child
The new responsibilities of parents begin with the birth of a child. Raising their child in a positive way becomes their first priority. Every parent wants their child to grow up to be intelligent. You can ensure the mental and behavioral development of a child by knowing and adopting below mentioned 13 easy steps.
1. Talk to the child:-
Talking to the child as much as possible, by doing this, the child tries to respond in his own way. His attempt to give feedback proves helpful in brain development.
2. Make eye contact while a conversation:-
Make sure that your child makes eye contact when he asks for something from you or talks to you. By doing this, you are teaching him the important link between communication and focus.
Talking through establishing eye contact will keep him focused so that he will be able to understand you and react to it. If your child’s focus is maintained, then only he will be able to master the activities of the mind.
3. Introduce colors to them:-
As you may have noticed, kids love to color! It catches their eye and attention. When a child is born with a monochrome vision and is unable to distinguish between colors, it lasts for about eight months until their color vision is fully developed.
After eight months, they start to notice bright colors and it stimulates their minds.
Typically, children learn to recognize colors by 18 months, and by 3–4 years, a child can begin to recognize and name basic colors because frequent contact can help reinforce this skill.
Play color games with children; you can also introduce them to colors by drawing attention to the colorful things around them.
4. Save them from stress:-
Stress can affect anyone – children too. In preschool, separation from parents can cause stress and anxiety. As children get older, educational and social pressures cause stress.
While it is not easy to identify stress in children, short-term behavioral changes – such as mood swings, irritability, changes in sleep patterns, or bedwetting – may be indicated.
Some children have physical effects, such as abdominal pain and headaches. Some children have difficulty concentrating or completing school work.
Proper rest and good nutrition can promote coping skills. Take time out for your children each day. Do not try to make them talk, even if you know what they are worried about. Sometimes children feel better when you spend time with them on fun activities.
5. Introduce shapes to them:-
Shapes are an important part of early childhood education. Learning shapes is a skill that takes a little longer to develop. Most children reach the age of about two years before understanding the concept. Usually, by the age of three, a child should be able to identify some basic shapes.
Shape learning not only helps children to identify and organize visual information, but it also helps them to learn skills in other curriculum areas including reading, mathematics, and science. Start teaching your child some common shapes, such as squares, circles, and triangles.
6. Let the baby play and explore:-
Playing is the foundation of learning and development. It is considered very important for brain development in the child. Play allows children to use their creativity while developing their imaginativeness, dexterity, and physical, cognitive, and emotional strength.
Through play, they can express their feelings and emotions, and work through their struggles and understand the world around them.
7. Feed nutritious food:-
A healthy, nutritious diet is not only good for children’s bodies, but it is also good for their brains. The balanced diet can improve brain function, memory, and concentration. Like the body, the brain also absorbs nutrients from the foods we eat.
Some nutrients have more effect on brain development than others. These include protein, iodine, some healthy fats, iron, zinc, copper, selenium, vitamin A, choline, and folate.
8. Play brain games with them:-
Brain games help encourage the brain and make your child think in unconventional ways to solve a problem. Your little one will become more creative and intelligent, and he will try to find different ways to solve a problem. By playing brain games, your kid will also be able to concentrate better, and you’ll see a significant improvement in his observational and reasoning skills.
Blocks building, i-spy, pretend-playing, etc are the games that can be played with the child for their brain development.
9. Answer their questions:-
A lot of curiosities are developing in the mind of a kid because the whole world is new to him. He wants to know and recognize everything. On average, a child asks 288 questions in a day. There is a lot going on in the child’s mind, every question of his should be answered, because if you do not answer his questions, then maybe he will not ask the question to you again, this will also reduce the confidence of the child. The same habit will also remain in school.
Whenever you answer his questions, make sure that you make eye contact; this will increase his confidence as well as develop his mind when he asks questions and he gets answers to his questions.
10. Allow less use of mobile or laptop:-
Television, mobile games, and video games have replaced the times when kids were playing outside and in groups. As a parent, you must intervene.
Getting rid of this addiction is difficult and challenging. First of all, you have to use these gadgets at least and present an example to them.
Keep them busy with other activities. Motivate them for outdoor activities by taking them to the park so that they can play with other children as well, this will also improve their social skills.
11. Introduce the child to his creativity:-
Creative play Promotes social and emotional development by integrating emotions with tasks. Whether your child is merry dancing in their own rhythm or exploring the great this world, creative play help develop gross and fine motor skills, coordination, and control. Creative and Imaginative play is how children learn about the world.
Once Einstein said, "Imagination is more important than knowledge."
12. Do book reading for them:-
The brain, like all the muscles in its body, needs exercise to keep it strong and healthy. Reading has been found to increase integration in the brain.
Reading is a fun activity for brain development in the child. It increases their imaginations and their understanding of the world. This helps them develop language and listening skills. Even if the child knows how to read, read-aloud stories, or poems with him.
13. Let them get enough sleep:-
Sleep is important for everyone’s brain health, but especially for growing and developing children. As much nutritious food is necessary for a healthy mind, it is also necessary to get adequate sleep. Without adequate sleep, some brain functions cannot function as effectively as they could otherwise.
Children who are not getting enough sleep may have trouble concentrating in school. They may start having behavior problems, such as tantrums or extreme reactions to small incidents, both at school and at home.
How much sleep does your child need?
4-12 months: (12-16) hrs/day
1-2 years: (11-14) hrs/day
3-5 years: (10-13) hrs/day
6-12 years: (9-12) hrs/day
12-18 years: (8-10) hrs/day
If your child is having trouble sleeping, set a fixed routine for him to sleep and wake up, avoid screens prior to bedtime, create a good sleep environment.
Every child develops in different ways. You can use these remedies (Brain Development in the child) to increase the mental capacity of the child, but do not create any kind of pressure on your child, otherwise, the results may be contrary to your expectation. Also, if the child needs complete brain development, try to give the them a nutritious diet and a better environment.
I hope you find help with this post. If you like the post, please do share it.